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codex borgia quetzalcoatl

//codex borgia quetzalcoatl

codex borgia quetzalcoatl

• un vautour (l'air). It was most likely used by native priests to predict cycles of time and fate. Many others have since contributed to our limited knowledge of the meaning behind the vivid images. Other parties have also propagated the idea that the Native Americans believed the conquistadors to be gods: most notably the historians of the Franciscan order such as Fray Geronimo Mendieta (Martínez 1980). Telpochtli "celui qui détient la jeunesse éternelle". Quetzalcoatl's opposite was Tezcatlipoca, who supposedly sent Quetzalcoatl into exile. un pont de pierre. The Borgia Codex: The Borgia Codex is an ancient book, created in Mexico in the age before the arrival of the Spanish. nécessaire]. Alors For example, the codex might be used by priests to predict good and bad times for agricultural activities such as planting or harvesting. Maya, K'iche, Pipil, Zapotec claim to have been the only true lineage of Quetzalcoatl and thus of the mythical Toltecs. One noted Post-Classic Toltec ruler was named Quetzalcoatl; he may be the same individual as the Kukulcan who invaded Yucatán at about the same time. The Toltec represented Quetzalcoatl as man, with god-like attributes, and these attributes were also associated with their rulers. L'incarnation principale de Quetzalcóatl était celle du serpent à plumes – un serpent à sonnettes recouvert de magnifiques plumes vertes de quetzal. Les Aztèques le craignaient plus que toutes autres divinités Quetzalcoatl was often considered the god of the morning star, and his twin brother Xolotl was the evening star ( Venus). This speech, which has been widely referred to, has been a factor in the widespread belief that Moctezuma was addressing Cortés as the returning god Quetzalcoatl. It consists of 39 double-sided pages, each of which contains pictures and drawings. Alternatively, he left willingly on a raft of snakes, promising to return. Dieu de la mémoire ancestrale. A la période aztèque, Tezcatlipoca avait un grand nombre d'apparences et de noms. Opoche "le Gaucher Habile" Sous sa forme humaine, il portait un masque à bec d'oiseau avec des lèvres soufflant le vent, ou bien sa tête était un crâne, l'os de la renaissance. Moyocoyani "Celui qui s'est fait lui-même". trouvèrent la mort. As the morning star he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn." Les moins courageux mouraient de peur sur l'instant tandis que les hommes Tout le monde voulut voir ce prodige de plus prés La page 44 du Codex Borgia représente, à droite de l'image, les cieux sous la forme d'une frange de déesses avec des éléments divers dont des silex et des jupes étoilées. Most documents expounding this theory are of entirely Spanish origin, such as Cortés's letters to Charles V of Spain, in which Cortés goes to great pains to present the naïve gullibility of the Mexicans in general as a great aid in his conquest of Mexico. The cult of Quetzalcoatl has been more or less idealized, and the image of a "white god" has become part of the popular culture. La statue était il entonna un chant magique et exécuta une danse bientôt plate-forme du temple où le sacrificateur lui ouvrait la cage thoracique En effet, le jour de la naissance était si important que le nom des enfants correspondait à un jour du calendrier. Avec son jumeau, le dieu à tête de chien Xolotl, il pénétra dans l’Inframonde, appelé Mictlan, où il trouva les ossements d’un homme et d’une femme morts lors des quatre cataclysmes cosmiques. Mais le pont s'écroula et de nombreuses personnes The Toltecs would associate Quetzalcoatl with their own god, Tezcatlipoca, and make them equals, enemies and twins. d'un coup de couteau d'obsidienne et présentait son cœur encore Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortés in 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. The Borgia Codex, like many other Mesoamerican codices, is not actually a “book” as we know it, where pages are flipped as they are read. The cult of the serpent in Mesoamerica is very old; there are representations of snakes with bird-like characteristics as old as the Olmec preclassic (1150-500 BC). The Mixtec: An Ancient Culture of Southern Mexico, Diego de Landa (1524-1579), Bishop and Inquisitor of Early Colonial Yucatan, Chalchiuhtlicue - Aztec Goddess of Lakes, Streams, and Oceans, Avocado History - Domestication and Spread of Avocado Fruit, Aztlán, The Mythical Homeland of the Aztec-Mexica, Tonatiuh, the Aztec God of the Sun, Fertility and Sacrifice, Top 10 Things to Know About the Aztecs and Their Empire, Quetzalcoatl - Pan-Mesoamerican Feathered Serpent God. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 27 mei 2020 om 21:21. The name Quetzalcoatl literally means "feathered snake". When completely opened, the Borgia Codex is about 10.34 meters long (34 feet). The Borgia Codex was created by one of many pre-Hispanic cultures of Central Mexico, likely in the region of southern Puebla or northeastern Oaxaca. et ses imprécations. This legend has been distorted so representations of Quezalcoatl as a white bearded man have become common. Son emblème est la lame d'obsidienne, qui représente le froid, l'obscurité, le vent glacial du nord. The monster must be placated for there to be plentiful rain. Quetzalcoatl would be considered the originator of the arts, poetry and all knowledge. une odeur si pestilentielle qu'un grand nombre mourut avant qu'on ait Il est actuellement conservé à la bibliothèque apostolique vaticane. Yaotl "le patron des guerriers" Cette prophétie fut exploitée ensuite par Cortès qui, lorsqu’il toucha le sol mexicain en 1519, fut pris par l’empereur aztèque Moctezuma pour Quetzalcoatl venant reprendre possession de son royaume. Noguez, Xavier. vainqueur grâce aux promesses de richesses et de pouvoir. There are also claims that Quetzalcoatl was either a lone viking, Levite, Jesus, a survivor from Atlantis, or even an extraterrestrial. Il Arqueología Mexicana Edición Especial: Códices prehispánicas y coloniales tempranos. Some Franciscans at this time held millennarian beliefs (Phelan 1956) and the natives taking the Spanish conquerors for gods was an idea that went well with this theology. The Borgia Codex is considered one of the most important surviving pre-Hispanic documents, both historically and artistically. Alternatively, he was a son of Xochiquetzal and Mixcoatl. In the 10th century a ruler closely associated with Quetzalcoatl ruled the Toltecs; his name was Topiltzin Ce Acatl Quetzalcoatl. if (window.showTocToggle) { var tocShowText = "show"; var tocHideText = "hide"; showTocToggle(); } In the codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorial Nahuatl, a speech which as described verbatim in the codex (written by Sahagún's, Tlatelolcan informants who were probably not eyewitnesses of the meeting) included such prostrate declarations of divine or near-divine admiration as, "You have graciously come on earth, you have graciously approached your water, your high place of Mexico, you have come down to your mat, your throne, which I have briefly kept for you, I who used to keep it for you," and, "You have graciously arrived, you have known pain, you have known weariness, now come on earth, take your rest, enter into your palace, rest your limbs; may our lords come on earth." Certains chercheurs pensent qu’il est d'origine mixtèque ou tlaxcaltèque, car le style pictographique correspond à celui de ces peuples. These cultures would eventually become vassal states of what we know as the Aztec Empire. Civilizations worshipping the Feathered Serpent included the Olmec, Mixtec, Toltec, Aztec, who adopted it from the people of Teotihuacan, and the Maya. Codex Porfirio Díaz,, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, Maarten Jansen en Gabina Aurora Pérez Jiménez, 2004, ". Many different Mesoamerican cultures, e.g. It consists of 39 double-sided pages, each of which contains pictures and drawings. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 27 septembre 2018 à 10:56. fille du chef Uemac et nièce de Quetzalcoatl. En tant que l’un des quatre dieux créateurs, il joua un rôle déterminant dans le mythe des cinq Soleils. Il est difficile de dissocier le Quetzalcoatl mythique au roi-prêtre toltèque Topiltzin Quetzalcoatl qui aurait réellement existé et était lui aussi lié au Serpent à Plumes. Bernardino de Sahagún, who compiled the Florentine Codex, was also a Franciscan. Like the Maya far to the south, they had a writing system based on images: an image would represent a longer history, which was known to the "reader," generally a member of the priest class. Matthew Restall 2001) who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is asserted in no documents created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl's return. Tezcatlipoca avait de nombreux autres noms et de nombreuses attributions :

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