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In The Winning of the West, President Roosevelt related that the "normal and customary" fate of a white woman captured by Indians was "impalement on charred sticks, fingernails split off backward, finger-joints chewed off, [and] eyes burnt out." It is in this that Columbus stands alone and unique among the early explorers. The homicide rate in Pre-Columbian America is estimated to have been about a hundred times higher than in the present day U.S. About one-third of adult males died in warfare. It honors the many different peoples of Latin America. Get unlimited access and support reader-funded, independent data journalism. While not the first to discover the Americas (Leif Erickson is credited for discovering North America in the 11th century), it began a period of brave western exploration, migration, international trade, the spreading of Christianity, and would ultimately lead to the greatest democratic creation in human history. Although Europeans are invariably condemned for the practice of slavery, American Indians also enslaved each other. But Indians also engaged in torture, human sacrifice, and cannibalism. Although the Columbian Exchange included the slave trade and other atrocities, it brought new foods (such as the tomato) and spices (like chili peppers) from the Americas to the rest of the world. Fiestas, sometimes lasting several days, are held in the areas with large Indian populations. Christopher N. Malagisi is based in Washington, D.C. and is currently the Executive Director of Outreach for Hillsdale College. Some might question why we continue to celebrate Columbus Day. 6–8, It was justified under the cloak of religion or superiority by those engaging in these activities. Perhaps you have heard about the Age of Exploration? Normally, the notion of discovery means encountering a place or an idea for the very first time. Dr. Deming is professor of arts and sciences at the University of Oklahoma, and the author of Science and Technology in World History (McFarland, 2010, 2012, 2016). ), 3–5, There are several reasons why Columbus Day has become controversial. Possibly neither good nor bad, ‘just is’ as history wrote it. Columbus Day is a U.S. holiday that commemorates the landing of Christopher Columbus in the Americas in 1492, and Columbus Day 2020 is on Monday, October 12. Or, perhaps they may well be a compassionate people. Indeed, Western Civilization itself is a monstrous blight intent upon the conquest, rape, and murder of the entire planet. Maybe we should just create a Leif Erikson Day, and celebrate the real individual who discovered the Americas. Nearly all of these infectious diseases were eventually brought under control by Western technology and medicine. Since 1971, it's been observed on the second Monday in October. Certainly not genocidal. It was not “discover” the New World as many people mistakenly believe. Most of the early explorers simply came to the New World, dropped a flag or made some markings, and left. If we were to celebrate the discovery of America rather than Columbus himself, It would not disrespect the thousands who lost their lives to Columbus and his crew. Teach your students about Christopher Columbus and his historic journey with these articles, quizzes, printables, research ideas, and more. It opened up the Columbian Exchange between the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Daniel Berenson. In Columbus, Ohio, Columbus is not even sacred anymore. This Is Why We Should Celebrate Indigenous People’s Day, Not Columbus Day. In the healthiest communities, life expectancy at birth was probably no more than thirty-five years. Their exploitation of nature was often destructive. The arrival of Europeans in the New World therefore was not an event worthy of celebration, it was a calamity that deserves condemnation. Columbus Day celebrations date … Selfishness, greed and profit at any cost isn’t terribly honorable. (It was formerly observed on October 12. There would have been no defense against communism after that. Here’s what my political science teacher, a fairly conservative guy, predicted in 1975: Communism in the Soviet Union had maybe 25 years to go before it imploded. Perhaps, in 2512, they will be more aggressive. All Rights Reserved. It's entirely disingenuous to condemn Europeans for playing by the rules established by the Indians themselves. Yes, we were so heroic. Share on Twitter Share. There is some evidence of Pre-Columbian smelting in South and Central America, but metallurgy among North American tribes was confined to working native metals. Columbian Exchange. Joe Biden Just Said He's Got a Great 'VOTER FRAUD Organization' Going, Flynn Judge Seems to be Really Banking on a Biden Win with These Moves. Columbus Day is celebrated as the day Columbus founded the Americas and opened the door for the settlement of America to Europeans. He cited reports from friends in academia; workers in factories and government buildings left their places of work–in the middle of the day–to get in long lines at the first mention that winter boots or meat might, just might, be available at one of the local state run stores. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. It is in this we celebrate, not the exploits or crimes of a single man, but of the day when our identity as Americans began to take root; the day that the future took root in the past, and from which, the blossom of America bore its first fruit. Terms under which this service There's hardly a more forgettable holiday than the innocuous and poorly observed Columbus Day. They readily employed steel tomahawks, horses, and guns. Before the arrival of European colonists, the indigenous peoples of the Americas lived peacefully in idyllic harmony with nature. 10.09.20 at 12:05 pm. The historian primarily given credit for Columbus’ fall from grace is Howard Zinn, author of The People’s History of the United States. The first Columbus Day was celebrated in 1792 in order to remember the historical landing’s 300th anniversary. If you need some financial support for any your projects, just ask. Fiestas, sometimes lasting several days, are held in the areas with large Indian populations. But it's a historical fact that atrocities were committed by both sides. Indigenous lives were "nasty, brutish, and short." October 12 is celebrated in Latin American countries not only as Columbus or Discovery Day, but also as the Day of the Race (El Día de la Raza). In light of Columbus Day controversies, some cities and states have decided upon alternative celebrations. Instead, he came across a whole new world known as the Americas. Columbus Day is about an Italian explorer named Christopher Columbus. Why should we celebrate Columbus Day? Among the Western institutions embraced by native Americans is the vice of gambling. What did Christopher Columbus do? These include: The celebration of Columbus Day in the United States appears to be in a transitional phase: While still recognized as a federal holiday, it has been eschewed in several cities and is only a paid holiday in 23 U.S. states. It honors the many different peoples of Latin America. As stated by an analysis by Vox, only fifteen percent of private workers take the day off. Think Ask the Washington Redskins. There's hardly a more forgettable holiday than the innocuous and poorly observed Columbus Day. In “cancelling” the Columbus statue, the mayor announced: “For many people in our community, the statue represents patriarchy, oppression and divisiveness. He replied that no economic system which did such a poor job of providing the bare necessities of life could long endure. With Murkowski's Announcement, Amy Coney Barrett's SCOTUS Confirmation Is Assured, WSJ Columnist Shreds Claim That Joe Biden is Free and Clear of China Corruption Scheme Allegations, To Help the Fact-checkers, Here Is a List of Lies from Joe Biden’s Debate Performance, Big Tech’s Bias Against Conservatives Continues, A Little More Than a Week From Election Day and Biden Calls an Early Lid, A Quick Compelling Bible Study Vol. Instead they are using force, intimidation, vandalism, and fear to silence their opposition. Indians thus have reason to celebrate Columbus Day. Possibly long walk, I’m in Minnesota. They readily employed steel tomahawks, horses, and guns. American Indians had many virtues. Among the primary documents testifying to this are the diaries of Jesuit missionary Isaac Jogues (1607-1646). Taken captive by the Hurons, Jogues was beaten with clubs, his fingernails were chewed off, and he was burnt with hot coals. Either way, it would be impossible for a man of today to have the moral outlook or education of someone from 500 years of distance separates, either forward or back. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Biological and Biomedical For better or for worse, Columbus' voyage shaped much of our world as we now know it. (Note: I’d strongly encourage you to read Dr. Larry Schweikert’s powerful counter book – The Patriot’s History of the United States). But they, There can be no doubt that Indians often suffered terrible injustices at the hands of European colonists.

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