With President Donald Trump and his minions abusing the language so egregiously, it’s time for a brief refresher course in political vocabulary. On Sunday it will hold a closely-fought presidential election, four years after a coup in which the then president was bundled out of the presidential palace in his pyjamas and put on a military plane to Costa Rica. Banana republics are characterized by highly stratified socioeconomic structure, with unequal distribution of wealth and resources. How the United Fruit Company Shaped the World, Honduras. The 1911 coup d'etat froze the Honduran economy. 1. Railroad workers for United Fruit Co wait at Port Barreo Guatemala. As retribution for his testimony against Mr. Trump during the House impeachment investigation, the president ordered the unceremonious removal of Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Vindman from his national security post at the White House. This is precisely what the Trump administration is doing in regard to Messrs. Vindman and Mr. Stone. "The original concept for the company was to sell items that fit a safari theme. At the time, banana production was dominated by the American-owned United Fruit Company, Cuyamel Fruit’s main competitor. Despite the fact that Jeff Sessions was the first senator to endorse his campaign, by recusing himself from the Russia investigation he showed that he was insufficiently loyal to the president; he therefore had to go. Find what is banana republic! “Banana republic” is defined as a derogatory term meaning “a small nation, especially in Central America, dependent on one crop or the influx of foreign capital” (Oxford Dictionary). Honduras may no longer be a classic banana republic. Definition and Modern Examples, Controversial Presidents of Central America. While the president insisted he had not discussed the case with DoJ officials, it is perhaps noteworthy that, just as he had no interest in any corruption in Ukraine other than that involving Hunter Biden, neither has Trump ever shown concern about the solitary confinement of any other prisoners other than Paul Manafort. A banana republic is a politically unstable country with an economy dependent entirely on revenue from exporting a single product or resource, such as bananas or minerals. United Fruit soon became the sole employer of the Honduran people and took complete control of the country’s transportation and communications facilities. Ask your question. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2020. According to the World Bank, Guatemala ranks as the fourth most unequal country in Latin America and the ninth in the world. Answered Bananas. It was coined in a 1904 book of fiction by O. Henry, an American writer. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images), EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change. His phrase neatly conjures up the image of a tropical, agrarian country. He fled first to New Orleans and then to Honduras where, staying in a cheap hotel, he wrote “Cabbages and Kings”, a collection of short stories. Correct answers: 2 question: His country is part of the banana republic, but most of its income is generated from tourism. Its problems are not new: the turbulent country has the dubious honour of being the place that first inspired the description “banana republic” more than a century ago. So complete was the company’s control over the agricultural, transportation, and political infrastructure of Honduras, the people came to call the United Fruit Company “El Pulpo”—The Octopus. Commenting on these developments, Walter M. Shaub, Jr., former head of the Office of Government Ethics, said ominously, “A corrupt authoritarian and his henchmen are wielding the Justice Department as a shield for friends and a sword for political rivals. National Security Council Director for European Affairs Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman is sworn before ... [+] the House Intelligence Committee. Refers to 'politically unstable country that economically depends upon the exports of a limited resources (usually fruits, crops), which is dominated by a rich businessmen or other elites and has a impoverished working class. To be sure that the message was clear, the White House also removed Vindman’s brother, Lt. Col. Yevgeny Vindman, from his position at the National Security Council, even though he had not testified in the impeachment proceedings. But its real meaning is sharper: it refers to the fruit companies from the United States that came to exert extraordinary influence over the politics of Honduras and its neighbours. Find What is Banana Republic! A banana republic is any politically unstable country that generates most or all of its revenue from exporting a single product, such as bananas. First, we need to re-learn the meaning of the term “banana republic.” Consider this. I am the author or editor of ten books, including The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship, and the State (2000; 2nd ed. The Making of a Banana Republic. Today, Honduras remains the prototypical banana republic. Trump also went after the judge in the case, Amy Berman Jackson, attacking her for having allegedly put Trump’s convicted former campaign manager, Paul Manafort, in solitary confinement. Banana Republic is an American clothing and accessories retailer owned by the American multinational corporation Gap Inc.. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images). In 1933, Sam Zemurray dissolved his Cuyamel Fruit Company and assumed control of its rival United Fruit Company. He may have found his man in Bill Barr, who has advanced a theory of the chief executive that sees its occupant as having virtually limitless power—very much as Trump sees the office. Definition and Examples, What Is Neoliberalism? Trump tries to destroy our faith in institutions—and in the very idea of the truth–by insisting that elected and career officials who are loyal to the Constitution rather than to the occupant of the Oval Office are engaged in a “hoax” when they call him out for malfeasance. One term that Trump and his defenders never seem to invoke is “the rule of law.” That term refers to a government of laws, not of men. During the bloody Guatemalan Civil War from 1960 to 1996, the country’s government consisted of a series of U.S.-backed military juntas hand-picked to serve the interests of the United Fruit Company. Log in. ... better known as Ataturk. The science behind social-distancing measures, Why Taiwan is not recognised on the international stage. While bananas remain an important part of the Honduran economy, and workers still complain of being mistreated by their American employers, another product aimed at American consumers has become a challenger—cocaine. By exploiting the labors of the working class, the oligarchs of the ruling-class control the primary sector of the country’s economy, such as agriculture or mining. It is clear that the steamy, dysfunctional Latin republic he described is based on Honduras, his jungle hideaway. In fact, judges have nothing to do with a prisoners’ terms of confinement, which are determined by jail officials. United Fruit Co. workers and families in workers compound on plantation during strike, 1954. Definition and Examples. Yet O’Brien’s explanation came right on the heels of a very banana-republican series of events at the Justice Department. Just 2% of the country’s farming companies control nearly 65% of the agricultural land. Upon learning that their superiors had quashed their sentencing recommendation in the Stone case, three of the DoJ prosecutors declined further involvement in the case and one resigned from the department entirely. The economies—and to an extent the governments—of banana republics are controlled by foreign-owned companies. Coffee, sugar, and bananas remain the country’s main products, 40% of which are exported to the United States. We need to re-learn the meaning of the term “banana republic.” ... [of the country] is. The internal instability allowed foreign corporations to act as the de-facto rulers of the country. the House Intelligence Committee. Honduras’s position on the trafficking route from South to North America means that most of the cocaine bound for the United States passes through its borders. As it turns out, Banana Republic refers to a politically unstable nation economically dependent on the exportation of a limited resource product (bananas, for example). It referred to networks of high officials in the government and military who were prepared to intervene if any group ever threatened the then-dominant politics of Kemalism—the secular, modernizing legacy of Mustapha Kemal, better known as Ataturk. It is generally considered a derogatory term describing countries whose economies are controlled by foreign-owned companies or industries. Indeed, the president has made it clear that he hopes that the Pentagon will take further action against Alexander Vindman. In 1911 the Cuyamel Fruit Company, another American firm (which was later bought by United), supplied the weapons for a coup against the government of Honduras, and prospered under the newly installed president. We’re going to miss it when it’s gone. Will antibody therapies help control covid-19? All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Ask your question. A banana republic is any politically unstable country that generates most or all of its revenue from exporting a single product, such as bananas. But it is in danger of becoming something far worse. The societies of banana republics are typically highly stratified, consisting of a small ruling-class of business, political, and military leaders, and a larger impoverished working-class. Banana republics typically feature highly stratified social orders, with depressed economies dependent solely on a few export crops. As a result, “banana republic” has become a derogatory term used to describe a corrupt, self-serving dictatorship that solicits and takes bribes from foreign corporations for the right to exploit large-scale agricultural operations—like banana plantations. According to a 1999 U.N.-backed report, the various military governments were responsible for 93% of the human rights violations during the civil war. I write about social and political issues related to high tech. I’ve written for the San Francisco Chronicle, The Nation, The Hill.com, Times Higher Education Supplement, Huffington Post, The Conversation, openDemocracy, and many other publications. What Is Sectionalism? During 2016-17, I was president of the Eastern Sociological Society. Bananas remain an important part of the economy, and workers still have complaints about their foreign employers. Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. In banana republics, high government officials (who are sometimes lieutenant colonels) pressure other officials to carry out vendettas against political enemies and to defend their friends against harsh treatment by judicial institutions. Over half of the Guatemalan people live below the poverty line, while corruption and drug-related violence retard economic development. With the drug traffic comes violence and corruption. In 1954, President Eisenhower authorized the Central Intelligence Agency to carry out Operation Success, a coup d'etat in which Guzmán was deposed and replaced by a pro-business government under Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas. It may soon disappear from our political lexicon. Its murder rate is the highest in the world; its economy is in a pickle. Log in. Where did banana republics get their name? But these days the pushiest businessmen are those who sell another agricultural product aimed at American consumers: cocaine. What Is Domestic Policy in US Government?
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